Climate Change & Tropospheric Temperature Trends

Part II: A Critical Examination of Skeptic Claims

Fu, Q., C.M. Johanson, S.G. Warren, D.J. Seidel. 2004. Contribution of stratospheric cooling to satellite-inferred tropospheric temperature trends. Nature, 429, (6987), 55-58.

Fu, Q., C.M. Johanson, S.G. Warren, D.J. Seidel. 2004b. Atmospheric science: Stratospheric cooling and the troposphere (reply). Nature, 432, doi:10.1038/nature03210 Brief Communications. Dec. 2, 2004. Abstract available at Accessed on Dec. 27, 2004. Subscription required for access to the full article.

Gaffen, D.J. 1994. Temporal inhomogeneities in radiosonde temperature records. J.Geophys. Res., 99, 3667-3676.

Gaffen, D.J. 1996. A digitized metadata set of global upper-air station histories. NOAA Tech. Memo ERL ARL 211, 38 pp.

Gaffen, D.J., M.A. Sargent, R.E. Habermann, and J.R. Lanzante, 2000a: Sensitivity of tropospheric and stratospheric temperature trends to radiosonde data quality. J.Climate, 13, 1776-1796.

Gaffen, D.J., Santer, B.D., Boyle, J.S., Christy, J.R., Graham, N.E. and Ross, R.J. 2000b: Multidecadal changes in the vertical temperature structure of the tropical troposphere. Science, 287, 1242-1245.

Gelbspan, R. 1998. The Heat Is on: The Climate Crisis, the Cover-Up, the Prescription. Perseus Publishing Company. 288pp. ISBN 0738200255.

Gelbspan, R. 2004. Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists and Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis--And What We Can Do to Avert Disaster. Basic Books. 254pp. ISBN 046502761X.

Gelman, M. E., A. J. Miller, R. N. Nagatani, and C. S. Long. 1994. Use of UARS data in the NOAA stratospheric monitoring program. Adv. Space Res., 14 (9), 21–31.

Gillett, N.P., B.D. Santer, and A.J. Weaver. 2004. Atmospheric science: Stratospheric cooling and the troposphere. Arising from: Q. Fu et al., Nature 429, 55–58 (2004). Nature, 432, doi:10.1038/nature03209. Brief Communications. Dec. 2, 2004. Abstract available at Accessed on Dec. 27, 2004. Subscription required for access to the full article.

Greening Earth Society (GES). May 6, 2003. Virtual Climate Alert, 4, 9. Available online at Accessed Nov. 21, 2004.

Hansen, J., A. Lacis, D. Rind, G. Russell, P. Stone, I. Fung, R. Ruedy, and J. Lerner. 1984. Climate sensitivity: Analysis of feedback mechanisms, in Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity. Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 29, edited by J. E. Hansen and T. Takahashi, pp. 130–163, AGU, Washington, D.C.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, K. Asamoah, K. Beckford, S. Borenstein, E. Brown, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, B. Curran, S. de Castro, L. Druyan, P. Etwarrow, T. Ferede, M. Fox, D. Gaffen, J. Glascoe, H. Gordon, S. Hollandsworth, X. Jiang, C. Johnson, N. Lawrence, J. Lean, J. Lerner, K. Lo, J. Logan, A. Luckett, M.P. McCormick, R. McPeters, R.L. Miller, P. Minnis, I. Ramberran, G. Russell, P. Russell, P. Stone, I. Tegen, S. Thomas, L. Thomason, A. Thompson, J. Wilder, R. Willson, and J. Zawodny. 1997. Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 25679-25720.

Hansen, J., R. Redy, J. Glascoe, and M. Sato. 1999. GISS analysis of surface temperature change. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 30997-31022. Data from this study is available online from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies at Accessed on Dec. 18, 2004.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, L. Nazarenko, R. Ruedy, A. Lacis, D. Koch, I. Tegen, T. Hall, D. Shindell, B. Santer, P. Stone, T. Novakov, L. Thomason, R. Wang, Y. Wang, D. Jacob, S. Hollandsworth, L. Bishop, J. Logan, A. Thompson, R. Stolarski, J. Lean, R. Willson, S. Levitus, J. Antonov, N. Rayner, D. Parker, and J. Christy. 2002. Climate forcings in Goddard Institute for Space Studies SI2000 simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D17), 10.1029/2001JD001143.

Hasselmann, K. 1979. In Meteorology of Tropical Oceans. D.B. Shaw (Ed.) Royal Meteorological Society of London. pp. 251-259.

Hauchecorne, A., M.-L. Chanin, and P. Keckhut. 1991. Climatology and trends of the middle atmospheric temperature (33–87km) as seen by Rayleigh lidar over the south of France. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 15,297–15,309.

Hegerl, G.C. and J.M. Wallace. 2002: Influence of patterns of climate variability on the difference between satellite and surface temperature trends. J. Climate, 15, 2412-2428.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – Working Group I, (1996): Climate Change 1995 – The Science of Climate Change, Houghton, J.T., F.G. Meira Filho, B.A. Callander, N. Haarris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell eds. 1996. Cambridge University Press.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – Working Group I, (2001): Climate change 2001 – The Scientific Basis, Houghton, J.T., Ding, Y., Griggs, D.J., Noguer, M. van der Linden, P.J., Dai, X., Maskell, K., Johnson, C.C. eds. 2001. Cambridge University Press.

Jones, P.D. 1994: Recent warming in global temperature series. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 12, 1149-1152.

Jones, P.D., K.R. Briffa, T.P. Barnett, and S.F.B. Tett. 1998: High-resolution paleoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, integration, and comparison with General Circulation Model control run temperatures. The Holocene, 8, 455-471.

Jones, P.D., M. New, D.E. Parker, S. Martin, and I.G. Rigor. 1999: Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years. Rev. Geophys., 74, 173-199.

Jones, P.D., T.J. Osborne, K.R. Briffa, C.K. Folland, E.B. Horton, L.V. Alexander, D.E. Parker, and N.A. Raynor. 2001: Adjusting for sampling density in grid box land and ocean surface temperature time series. J. Geophys Res., 103, 3371-3380.

Hack, J.J. Rosinski, J.M., Williamson, D.L., Boville, B.A. and Truesdale, J.E. 1995. Computational Design of the NCAR Community Climate Model. Parallel Comput., 21, 1545-1569.


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