Climate Change & Tropospheric Temperature Trends

Part II: A Critical Examination of Skeptic Claims

Brown, S.J., D.E., Parker, C.K. Folland, and I. Macadam. 2000: Decadal variability in the lower-tropospheric lapse rate Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 997-1000.

Bengtsson, L., Roeckner, E. and Stendel, M. 1999: Why is the global warming proceeding much slower than expected? J. Geophys. Res. - Atmospheres, 104, D4, 3865-3876.

Braganza, K., D.J. Karoly, A.C. Hirst, P. Stott, R. Stouffer, and S.F.B. Tett. 2004. Simple indices of global climate variability and change Part II: attribution of climate change during the twentieth century. Climate Dynamics, 22, 823-838.

Cavalieri, D. J., P. Gloersen, C. L. Parkinson, J. C. Comiso, and H. J. Zwally. 1997. Observed Hemispheric Asymmetry in Global Sea Ice Changes. Science, 278, 1104–1106.

Christy, J.R. and McNider, N.T. 1994: Satellite greenhouse signal. Nature, 367, 325.

Christy, J.R., R.W. Spencer, and R.T. McNider. 1995: Reducing noise in the MSU daily lower-tropospheric global temperature dataset. J. Climate, 8, 888-896.

Christy, J.R., and W.D. Braswell. 1997: How accurate are satellite `thermometers'? Nature, 389, 342.

Christy, J.R., R.W. Spencer, and E.S. Lobl. 1998: Analysis of the merging procedure for the MSU daily temperature series. J. Climate, 11, 2016-2041.

Christy, J.R., R.W. Spencer, and W.D. Braswell. 2000: MSU tropospheric temperatures: Dataset construction and radiosonde comparisons. J. Atmos. And Oc. Tech., 17, 1153-1170.

Christy, J.R., R.W. Spencer, W.B. Norris, and W.D. Braswell. 2003: Error estimates of Version 5.0 of MSU-AMSU bulk atmospheric temperatures. J. Atmos. And Oc. Tech., 20, 613-629.

Christy, J.R. May 13, 2003. Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives' Committee on Resources. Available online from CO2 Science magazine, Volume 6, Number 22: 28 May 2003 at Accessed Nov. 28, 2004.

Christy, J.R., R.W. Spencer, and W.D. Braswell. 2004: Update on microwave-based atmospheric temperatures from UAH. 15th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations. 84th AMS Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA. Jan. 11, 2004. Extended abstract available online at

Christy, J.R. and W.B. Norris. 2004. What may we conclude about global tropospheric temperature trends? Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06211, doi:10.1029/2003GL019361.

Collins, M., 2000. The El-Niño Southern Oscillation in the second Hadley Centre coupled model and its response to greenhouse warming. J. Climate, 13, 1299-1312.

Covey, C., A. Abe-Ouchi, G.J. Boer, G.M. Flato, B.A. Boville, G.A. Meehl, U. Cubasch, E. Roeckner, H. Gordon, E. Guilyardi, L. Terray, X. Jiang, R. Miller, G. Russell, T.C. Johns, H. Le Treut, L. Fairhead, G. Madec, A. Noda, S.B. Power, E.K. Schneider, R.J. Stouffer and J.S. von Storch. 2000. The Seasonal Cycle in Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere General Circulation Models. Clim. Dyn., 16, 775-787.

Crowley, T.J. and T. Lowery. 2000. How warm was the Medieval warm period? Ambio, 29, 51-54.

Douglass, D. H., B. D. Pearson, S. F. Singer, P. C. Knappenberger, and P. J. Michaels (2004). Disparity of tropospheric and surface temperature trends: New evidence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L13207, doi:10.1029/2004GL020212.

Douglass, D. H., B. D. Pearson, and S. F. Singer (2004b). Altitude dependence of atmospheric temperature trends: Climate models versus observation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L13207, doi:10.1029/2004GL020212.

Douglass, D. H., S. F. Singer, and P. J. Michaels 2004c. Settling Global Warming Science. Tech Central Station Online. Published on Aug. 12, 2004. Available online at Accessed Dec. 5, 2004.

Durre, I., T. C. Peterson, and R. S. Vose. 2002. Evaluation of the effect of the Luers-Eskridge radiation adjustments on radiosonde temperature homogeneity. J.Climate, 15, 1335–1347.

Eskridge, R.E., O.A. Alduchov, I.V. Chernykh, P. Zhai, A.C. Polansky, and S.R. Doty. 1995. A Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set (CARDS): Rough and systematic errors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 1759-1775.

Ferguson, B. and M. Lewis. 2003. Specific Comments on the Menendez Climate Change Amendment Findings. May 6, 2003. Competitive Enterprise Institute. Available online at Accessed Nov. 28, 2004.

Free M., I. Durre, E. Aguilar, D. Seidel, T.C. Peterson, R.E. Eskridge, J.K. Luers, D. Parker, M. Gordon, J. Lanzante, S. Klein, J. Christy, S. Schroeder, B. Soden, L.M. McMillan, and E. Weatherhead. 2002: Creating Climate Reference Datasets. CARDS Workshop on Adjusting Radiosonde Temperature Data for Climate Monitoring. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., June 2002, 891-899.

Folland, C.K., Rayner, N.A., Brown, S.J., Smith, T.M., Shen, S.S.P., Parker, D.E., Macadam, I., Jones, P.D. and others. 2001. “Global temperature change and its uncertainties since 1861.” Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2621-2624.

Fu, Q., and C.M. Johanson. 2004: Stratospheric Influences on MSU-Derived Tropospheric Temperature Trends. J. Climate, To be published Dec. 15, 2004.


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